Sunday, January 30, 2011

Tingkatkan ingatan/memory




Tun Dr Mahathir dalam umor 90+ masih tajam otaknya dan baik ingatannya. Apakah rahsianya?


Dengan meningkat umor seseorang fungsi tugas organ2 penting dalam tubuh badan kita saperti jantung, hati paru2, buah pinggang dan lain2 semakin merosot. Begitu halnya otak kita; malah dalam quran juga disebut fenomenon ini beberapa kali. Bila tua seseorang jadi nyanyuk dan mudah lupa serta merosot sangat ingatannya. Kejadian penyakit alzheimer dan dementia meningkat ketahap 20 % dalam umor 70 an tahun keatas.

Cuba kita lihat gelagat Tun Dr Mahathir yang hampir 90 tahun tetapi masih sangat tajam otaknya dan baik ingatannya. Apakah rahsia nya?


Caragaya hidup. Berbagai faktor sekitaran saperti racun, bahan kimia, pencemaran udara, stress, pemakanan tidak seimbang dan lain2 merosakkan sel2 dan fungsi otak kita.
Tetapi ada cara atau 'alat2' untuk kita meningkatkan percambahan dan pertumbuhan sel2 otak menerusi peroses 'neurogenesis' khususnya bahagian otak bernama hippocampus iaitu pusat bagi memory / ingatan. Apakah alat2 atau cara meningkatkan memory kita.

1. Makan yang wajar dan betul.
Tun Dr Mahathir memang jaga dan kawal makanannya. Makan setakat hilangkan lapar dan tidak berlebihan.
Lebihkan sayur2 dan buah sambil kawal gula dan karbohaidret serta makan lemak secara sederhana.
Kunyit dan kari, daun celery, broccoli, cauliflour dan walnuts mengandungi antioxidant dan bahan2 lain yang menggalakkan pertumbuhan sel2 otak.

Omega3 yang terkandung dalam ikan2 mackerel, tuna dan kembung dan sekarang ini banyak pil2 minyak ikan dipasaran yang mencegah kerosakkan sel2 otak disamping meningkatkan pertumbuhan myelin sheath yang penting untuk menyalurkan signal letrik dalam otak.

Dr Mary Newport mendapati dari kajiannya memakan 2 sudu minyak kelapa dara bolih mencegah kerosakkan sel2 otak serta merawat penyakit alzheimer serta meningkatkan fungsi otak.

Satu kajian keatas kanak2 yang diberi makan pisang daya ingatan mereka meningkat. Dikatakan pisang mengdungi logam potassium yang penting untuk fungsi sel2 otak.

2. Exercise.
Bila kita baca tentang Tun Dr Mahathir beliau memang sering melakukan exercise dan berminat menonggang kuda.
Exercise merangsang dan mencetuskan pengeluaran bahan2 nuerotrophic factors (BDNF) yang yang sangat penting untuk kesihatan sel2 dan fungsi otak.
Mengikut satu kajian exercise menambah ukuran panjang telomeres pada DNA yang seterusnya meningkatkan jangka umor sel2.
Exercise meningkatkan aliran darah kedalam otak ekoran dari peningkatan pam jantung. Dengan itu bekalan oksijen dan makanan bertambah.

3. Tumpu satu tugas elakkan beberapa tugas serentak (multi tasking)
Jangan lakukan beberapa kerja atau tugas serentak saperti bercakap ditalipon sambil hendak meletakan barang2 kedalam kereta serta meletakan kunci kereta disuatu tempat. Ini merosakkan ingatan dan jadikan pelupa.
Tumpu dan fokas minda pada sesuatu tugas dan latih diri untuk tidak terganggu dari rangsangan luar (mindfullness).
Tulis dan catitkan sesuatu tugas dalam buku nota kecil yang kita bawa kemana2.

4. Cukup tidor.
Tidor yang cukup antara 4 - 6 jam sehari meningkatkan fungsi otak, daya ingatan dan peningkatan prestasi tugas.
Ketika tidor pertumbuhan dan penguatan sambungan synapses berlaku dan ini meningkatkan daya ingatan.
Kajian keatas kanak2 dipusat2 jagaan prestasi pembelajaran dan ingatan meningkat lepas tidor.
Dipercayai tidor ayam (nap) tengah hari meningkatkan fungsi otak serta prestasi kerja.

5. Permainan rangsang otak.
Terdapat beberapa jenis permainan (brain games) yang bolih merangsang fungsi otak dan bolih cari dalam internet. Terbaik ialah Luminosity.

6. Tingkatkan kemahiran.
Pilih sesuatu bidang saperti berkebun, menjahit, bertukang DIY, atau lain kemudian pelajari terus menerus hingga mahir. Penting untuk buat sesuatu yang diminati dan bolih memberi kecerian dan kepuasan .

7. Vit D3
Terdapat bokti yang menunjukkan vit D3 penting bagi pertumbuhan sel2 otak terutamanya dibahagian bawah cerebellum dan hippocampus yang yang berfungsi dalam merancang dan memperoses maklumat2 baru dan bahan2 ingatan baru.

8. Amalan berpuasa.
Pakar2 penyelidek berpendapat berpuasa sekali sekala saperti puasa sunat hari2 isnin dan khamis adalah baik untuk bina fungsi otak dan tingkat daya ingatan. Bila berpuasa lemak badan digerak untuk metabolisma. Produk sampinganya ketones dikatakan baik untuk bina otak.

9. Probiotik dan sayur2 fermented.
Terdapat hubungan rapat antara kesihatan usus dengan fungsi otak. Pertumbuhan bakteria2 kawan dalam usus meningkatkan fungsi otak dan daya ingatan. Tabiat makan sayur2 fermented dan makan supplement 'probiotics' bolih membekalkan usus dengan berbilion bakteria kawan.

10. Choline baikki fungsi otak.
Choline adalah sejenis amino acid dan ia sangat penting untuk mengkukuhkan sel membrane khususnya dalam otak. Ia mencegah kerosakkan sel2 otak.
Ibu2 hamil yang makan bahan ini bolih mencegah kecacatan otak dan saraf bayi dan bayi2 yang dilahirkan cerdas otak mereka.
Telor dan daging menjadi sumber utama untuk bekalan choline.

11. Amalkan membaca dan menhafal quran.
Amalan untuk menghafal quran memang satu kaedah yang amat berkesan untuk meningkatkan fungsi otak dan daya ingatan. Setiap ayat yang perlu dihafal perlu diulang baca antara 40 hingga 200 kali. Ini satu exercise minda yang terbaik.

12. Memory booster.
Terdapat terlalu banyak supplement dalam pasaran sama ada dalam bentuk pil atau juz yang dikatakan bolih meningkatkan fungsi otak dan daya ingatan.
Ikuti link ini






How can memory be improved?

In order to make an individual's memory more efficient we need to ensure four key things:
  • Practice - the more often we do something, the more likely we are to remember it.
  • Memory strategies - these are ways of processing information that will help you remember it better.
  • Organisation - this ensures that information is stored in a more meaningful and well-organised way and which is easier for the brain to recall when needed.
  • Understanding - if we understand information it is easier for us to remember, and if we understand how memory works, it is easier to make it work well for us personally.
Memory Booster helps the child to develop good memory strategies, to organise information efficiently, and to practice the skills necessary for effective learning and recall of information.

Following is a list of memory boosting and brain power superfoods packed with nutrients high in Vitamin B12, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C and Vitamin E, as well as folate, calcium, potassium and magnesium, and betacarotene. These foods will improve your brain and memory.The % values are for a 2000 calorie diet.
  1. Milk = Vitamin B6: 5%, Vitamin B12: 15%, Calcium: 28%, Magnesium: 6.5%, Potassium: 11%
  2. Spinach = Vitamin B6: 11%, Vitamin E: 5%, Folate: 33%, Calcium: 12%, Magnesium: 20%, Potassium: 12%
    Others foods sthat are rich in anthocyanins, formidable antioxidants are blueberries, strawberries, jambu fruit (jamun)
  3. Black-eyed beans (peas) = Vitamin B6: 3%, Folate: 26%, Calcium: 11%, Magnesium: 11%, Potassium: 10%
  4. Acorn squash = Vitamin B6 : 12, Folate: 6%, Calcium: 6%, Magnesium: 13%, Potassium:16%,
  5. Pink salmon = Vitamin B6 : 13, Vitamin B12: 62%, Vitamin E: 6%, Calcium: 18%, Magnesium: 7%, Potassium: 8%,
  6. Kidney beans = Vitamin B6 : 6%, Folate: 29%, Calcium: 3%, Magnesium: 10%, Potassium: 10%,
  7. Orange juice, calcium-fortified (3/4 cup) = Vitamin B6 :5%, Vitamin C: 103%, Folate: 8%, Calcium: 23%, Magnesium : 5%, Potassium: 11%
  8. Papaya = Vitamin E : 17%, Folate: 29%, Calcium: 7%, Magnesium: 8%, Potassium: 22%,
  9. Bock Choy =
  10. Potato, baked (1/2 cup) Vitamin B6: 9%, Vitamin C: 13%, Folate: 1%, Magnesium: 4%, Potassium: 7%
  11. Broccoli = Vitamin B6: 6%, Vitamin E: 7%, Folate: 10%, Calcium: 4%, Magnesium: 5%, Potassium: 7%
  12. Wheat germ = Vitamin B6 : 7%, Vitamin: E 13%, Folate: 12%, Magnesium: 11%, Potassium: 4%
  13. Banana (1 medium size) = Vitamin B6: 34, Vitamin C: 18%, Magnesium: 9%, Potassium: 13%
  14. Vegetable juice, low sodium (6 oz.) = Vitamin B6: 9%, Vitamin C: 56%, Vitamin E: 2%, Folate: 7%, Magnesium: 4%, Potassium: 7%
  15. Mango : Mango is rich in glutamine acid, which is an important protein for concentration and memory.
  16. Tofu = Folate : 6%, Calcium: 3%, Magnesium: 6%, Potassium: 5%
  17. Honey= The research carried out in 2007 on rats at the University of Waikato in Hamilton, New Zealand shows that diets sweetened with honey may be beneficial in decreasing anxiety and improving memory during ageing. Honey may boost memory due to its antioxidant properties, which help to prevent free radicals damaging cells in the body.
  18. Water = Drink 8 to 10 glasses of water daily. 85% of brain tissue is water. Dehydration can cause energy generation in the brain to decrease. 

A recent study showed that eating 300grams of blueberries daily improved participants memory in only three weeks. This is just one example of how research is contributing to our knowledge of the links between food and memory. It is now quite possible to eat your way towards improved memory function. While it might be tempting to go out and buy a supplement that provides one nutritional component of a healthy memory, it is much more beneficial to eat these memory enhancers in whole, fresh foods. This way, the different nutritional components can interact properly.







    Saturday, January 29, 2011

    Lipo carn untuk Awet muda

    Lipo-Carn Tablet Supplements - 200mg Alpha Lipoic Acid & 250mg Acetyl-L-Carnitine

    Antioxidant and amino acid combination.

    Lipo-Carn is a powerful antioxidant and amino acid combination of Alpha Lipoic acid and Acetyl-L-Carnitine that works synergistically to help reduce memory loss and boost energy levels
    Professor Bruce Ames, a molecular biologist at The University of California discovered that the combination of Alpha Lipoic Acid and Acetyl-L-Carnitine caused animals to appear to become significantly 'younger' by all the normal measures of ageing including memory and energy levels.
    Alpha Lipoic Acid is a powerful antioxidant that is both water and fat-soluble, as such it is believed to exert 'free radical' protection both inside and outside the cell. It is synthesised naturally in the body, but is also found in foods such as spinach, broccoli, liver and heart. It has many other complex roles in the body including the conversion of sugars into cellular energy.

    Acetyl-L-Carnitine is an amino acid that's involved in fatty acid transport into the mitochondria (the 'power plants' inside each of our cells). It is also obtained in the diet through meat and vegetables. It is believed to act by boosting the function of the mitochondria inside each of our cells. As we age, the mitochondria are believed to be the 'Achilles heel' for absorbing age related damage. Their loss of function is one part of what we term ageing.

    Supplement ini bolih dibeli diklinik saya, sila hubungi talipon - 03 20941115

    Friday, January 28, 2011

    Key to success

    1.
    Get and stay out of your comfort zone.

    I believe that not much happens of any significance when we're in our comfort zone.  I hear people say, "But I'm concerned about security."  My response to that is simple: "Security is for cadavers."
    2.
    Never give up.

    Almost nothing works the first time it's attempted.  Just because what you're doing does not seem to be working, doesn't mean it won't work.  It just means that it might not work the way you're doing it.  If it was easy, everyone would be doing it, and you wouldn't have an opportunity.
    3.
    When you're ready to quit, you're closer than you think.

    There's an old Chinese saying that I just love, and I believe it is so true.  It goes like this: "The temptation to quit will be greatest just before you are about to succeed."
    4.
    With regard to whatever worries you, not only accept the worst thing that could happen, but make it a point to quantify what the worst thing could be.

    Very seldom will the worst consequence be anywhere near as bad as a cloud of "undefined consequences."  My father would tell me early on, when I was struggling and losing my shirt trying to get Parsons Technology going, "Well, Robert, if it doesn't work, they can't eat you."
    5.
    Focus on what you want to have happen.

    Remember that old saying, "As you think, so shall you be."
    6.
    Take things a day at a time.

    No matter how difficult your situation is, you can get through it if you don't look too far into the future, and focus on the present moment.  You can get through anything one day at a time.
    7.
    Always be moving forward.

    Never stop investing.  Never stop improving.  Never stop doing something new.  The moment you stop improving your organization, it starts to die.  Make it your goal to be better each and every day, in some small way.  Remember the Japanese concept of Kaizen.  Small daily improvements eventually result in huge advantages.
    8.
    Be quick to decide.

    Remember what General George S. Patton said: "A good plan violently executed today is far and away better than a perfect plan tomorrow."
    9.
    Measure everything of significance.

    I swear this is true.  Anything that is measured and watched, improves.
    10.
    Anything that is not managed will deteriorate.

    If you want to uncover problems you don't know about, take a few moments and look closely at the areas you haven't examined for a while.  I guarantee you problems will be there.
    11.
    Pay attention to your competitors, but pay more attention to what you're doing.

    When you look at your competitors, remember that everything looks perfect at a distance.
    Even the planet Earth, if you get far enough into space, looks like a peaceful place.
    12.
    Never let anybody push you around.

    In our society, with our laws and even playing field, you have just as much right to what you're doing as anyone else, provided that what you're doing is legal.
    13.
    Never expect life to be fair.

    Life isn't fair.  You make your own breaks.  You'll be doing good if the only meaning fair has to you, is something that you pay when you get on a bus (i.e., fare).
    14.
    Solve your own problems.

    You'll find that by coming up with your own solutions, you'll develop a competitive edge.  Masura Ibuka, the co-founder of SONY, said it best: "You never succeed in technology, business, or anything by following the others."  There's also an old Asian saying that I remind myself of frequently.  It goes like this: "A wise man keeps his own counsel."
    15.
    Don't take yourself too seriously.

    Lighten up.  Often, at least half of what we accomplish is due to luck.
    None of us are in control as much as we like to think we are.
    16.
    There's always a reason to smile.
    "We're not here for a long time, we're here for a good time!"

    Tuesday, January 25, 2011

    Taat, Setia, Amanah

    Taat dan setia, jujur dan amanah adalah asas akhlak yang mulia saperti akhlak Rasulullah yang patut kita contohi. Marilah kita cuba ubah minda dan diri kita agar kita mendapat keredaan Allah SWT di dunia dan akhirat.

    Rahsia Awet muda


    Semua orang ingin awet muda dan umur panjang. Ini adalah kurniaan Allah SWT tapi kita dituntut  berusaha untuk mendapatkannya. Kita perlu ubah amalan hidup kepada yang baik dan sederhana. khususnya amalan pemakanan, bukan kita kurang makan , tapi terlebih makan dan pilihan jenis makanan yang salah. Relaxation atau tenang fikiran juga penting dan kita perlu pandai menangkis stress yang kini teruk melanda kita semua. Jangan lupa baca Quran dan banyakkan zikirullah, Insya Allah kita akan capai tujuan awet muda.

    Baca utk remajakan minda 👇👇👍

    Info.

    1. MARAH selama 5 minit akan menyebabkan sistem imun tubuh kita menjadi lemah selama 6 jam.

    2. DENDAM dan MENYIMPAN KEPAHITAN akan menyebabkan imun tubuh kita mati.. Dari situlah bermula segala penyakit, seperti Stress, Kolesterol, Hipertensi, Serangan Jantung, Rhematik, Arthtritis, Stroke (perdarahan/penyumbatan pembuluh darah)…..

    3. Jika kita sering membiarkan diri kita Stress, maka kita sering mengalami Gangguan Pencernaan.

    4. Jika kita sering merasa KHUATIR, maka kita mudah terkena penyakit Nyeri Bahu atau .

    5. Jika kita MUDAH TERSINGGUNG, maka kita akan cenderung terkena penyakit Insomnia (susah tidur).

    6. Jika kita sering mengalami KEBINGUNGAN, maka kita akan terkena Gangguan Tulang Belakang Bagian Bawah.

    7. Jika kita sering membiarkan diri kita merasa TAKUT yang BERLEBIHAN, maka kita akan mudah terkena penyakit GINJAL.

    8. Jika kita suka ber-NEGATIVE THINKING, maka kita akan mudah terkena DYSPEPSIA (penyakit sulit mencerna).

    9. Jika kita mudah EMOSI & cenderung PEMARAH, maka kita terdedah terhadap penyakit HEPATITIS.

    10. Jika kita sering merasa "SOMBONG" (tidak pernah peduli) terhadap lingkungan, maka kita akan berpotensi mengalami Penurunan Kekebalan Tubuh.

    12. Jika kita sering MENGANGGAP MUDAH semua persoalan, maka hal ini boleh mengakibatkan penyakit Diabetes.

    13. Jika kita sering merasa KESEPIAN, maka kita boleh terkena penyakit Demensia Senelis (berkurangnya memori dan kontrol fungsi tubuh).

    14. Jika kita sering BERSEDIH dan merasa selalu RENDAH DIRI, maka kita boleh terkena penyakit Leukemia (kanser darah putih)

    Sumber dari buku “The Healing dan Discovering the Power of the Water”

    Hobby jadi niaga


    Saya memang tak sangka salah seorang anak saya minat menjahit, padahal masa muda dulu, sebelum dia kahwin isteri saya hantar dia tailoring class, dia pergi sekejak, lepas itu drop out. Sejak kahwin dia pula minat tailoring, belajar sendiri, saya fikir kerana minatnya yang kuat, munkin didorong hendak buatkan baju untuk anak permpuannya, ia terus belajar sendiri, buat design sendiri, sekarang dia ada kedai boutique internet sendiri. Sila layari websitenya.
    BELLA POSH BOUTIQUE 

    Cakap Lunak


    Lidah adalah satu anggota badan yang mempunyai kuasa besar dan ia bolih membawa banyak kebaikkan dan keburukkan . Kita perlu pandai kawal lidah, kadang2 lebih baik kita diam dari bercakap lagha/sia2, mengumpat, menfitnah atau memburukan orang lain. Kalau ia mengeluarkan kata2 manis dan sedap didengar ia akan memberi kita 1001 jenis ganjaran.

    Monday, January 24, 2011

    Mari Buka Minda


    Saya sedih bila mengenangkan apa yang tertulis dalam 'Encyclopedia Brtannica' tentang definasi orang melayu. Diantara ciri2 yang diperkatanya ialah melayu satu bansa malas dan suka berpoya2. Saya percaya ramai dikalangan kita yang tak setuju tentang hal ini tapi munkin ada sedikit kebenarannya. Kita memang suka berpesta - makan dan hiburan, ini memang tidak bolih disangkal. Kita mesti ubah minda dan budaya dan lifestyle kita kepada yang seiring atau sejalan mengikut ajaran Quran dan Hadith.

    Henti cakap 'Padan muka'


    Apabila seseorang menghadapi musibah atau suatu kegagalan, kita patut bersimpati dengan memberi kata2 yang meriangkan dan menggembirakan. Kesemuanya samada baik atua buruk datang dari Allah SWT. dan setiap peristiwa mengadungi hikmah dan iktibarnya sendiri.

    Semaikan budaya niaga


    Marilah kita ikuti nasihat Rasulullah untuk mendapatkan rezeki kita dari perniagaan. Cari sesuatu kemahiran samada dalam bidang makanan, jahitan, pertukangan, ternakan, pertanian dan lain2. Sesuatu yang kita minati dan benar2 komited. Cari semua maklumat dalam bidang yang dipileh daripada berbagai sumber - internet, buku atau lain sumber media. Pelajari sedalam2 dan pergi berkursus dan buat latihan praktikal atau jadi apprentice sehingga betul2 mahir. Buat ujian atau market survey keatas hasil atau barangan yang akan diniagakan sebelum melancarkan perniagaan.

    Jangan Sombong


    Pembelajaran Kanak2


    Parenting - Tak bersedia


    Mukadimah dan Biodata


    TECHNOLOGY OF ACHIEVEMENTS


       

                                         CURRICULUM VITAE



    PERSONAL BIODATA


    NAME:                                   Dr. Hamid Arshat

    DATE OF BIRTH:                 4th January, 1945

    MARITAL STATUS:             Married with five children and 7 grandchildren

    HOME ADDRESS:               No. 21 Jalan Setiakasih Empat,
                                                    Bukit Damansara,
                                                    50490 Kuala Lumpur

    OFFICE ADDRESS:             Klinik Dr. Hamid Arshat,
                                                    75M Medan Setia Satu,
                                                    Plaza Damansara,
                                                    50490 Kuala Lumpur

    ACADEMIC
    QUALIFICATIONS:             MBBS (Malaya) 1970
                                                    MRCOG (London) 1976
                                                    FRCOG (London) 1987


    CREDENTIALS

    Postgraduate Training, Experience and Course Attended

    1. April 1970                           Graduated with MBBS from University of Malaya.

    2. April – Sept. 1970               House Officer in Medicine at Melaka General Hospital.

    3. Sept – March 1971              House Officer in Surgery at Melaka General Hospital.

    4. April 1971 – Sept 1972       Medical Officer in Obstetrics & Gynaecology,
                                                    Anaesthesia & Casuality, District Hospital, Muar, Johor

    5. October 1972                      Recruited as a Trainee Lecturer in the Dept. of
                                                    Obstetrics & Gynaecology, UKM.

                                                    Passed MRCOG Part I Examination conducted
                                                    in Singapore.



                                                                   1

    6. Oct 1972 – June 1973         Medical Officer in Dept. of Obstetrics Gynaecology,
                                                    University Hospital, Petaling Jaya.


    7. July 1973 – Jan. 1974         Medical Officer in the Dept. of Urology and
                                                    Nephrology, General Hospital, Kuala Lumpur.

    8. Feb. 1974 – Jan. 1976         Registrar in the Dept. of Obstetrics & Gynaecology,
                                                    University of Southampton, England.

    9. December 1975                   Attended two weeks post graduated courses in
                                                    Obstetrics & Gynaecology organised by the
                                                    Institute of Obstetrics, Queen Charlotte Hospital,
                                                    London, United Kingdom.

    10. January 1976                     Passed final MRCOG Examination conducted
                                                    in London, United Kingdom.

    11. February 1976                   Returned to Malaysia and resumed duties as a lecturer
                                                    in the Dept. of Obstetric & Gynaecology, UKM

    12. November 1978                Seconded to the National Family Planning Board,
                                                    Malaysia as the Director of Specialist &
    Reproductive Research Centre.

    13. January 1st 1979                Promoted to Associated Professor in the Dept. of
                                                    Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

    14. May 1st 1983                     Promoted to Professor in the Dept. of Obstetrics &
                                                    Gynaecology, UKM.

    15. Feb 1985 – Feb 1989        Director-General of The National Population and
                                                    Family Development Board, Malaysia.

    16. Feb 1989 until now           Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Pantai
                                                    Medical Centre and Klinik Dr. Hamid Arshat, Plaza
                                                    Damansara, Bukit Damansara.


    17. Jan 2010 until now Chairman and Board member of  Islamic Haealth           Foundation(YAKIN)





    Other Positions and Appointments

    !983 – 1984  President of Obstetrics and Gynecology Society of Malaysia.

                                                                     2
                                                               
    Special Courses and Fellowship Attended

    1.         Fellowship in Reproductive Endocrinology for three months under the Colombo Plan Scholarship from October 1978 – December 1978.    Posted under Professor Rodney Shearman, Dept. of Obstetric & Gynaecology, University of Sydney.      Also visited Dept. of Obstetric & Gynaecology in
                Monash University, Melbourne, University of Adelaide and Canberra, Australia.

    2.         Study Tour to well known Departments of Obstetric & Gynaecology, Reproductive Research Institutes and Family Planning Centres – one month in
                December 1978.    Places visited included:

                a)         University College Hospital    -           Professor Fairweather
                            London, United Kingdom.

                b)         Kings College Hospital           -           Professor Stuart Campbell
                                                                                        Professor Kakkar
               
    c)         St. Bartholomiew Hospital     -           Dr. Marcus Satchell
                                                                            Professor M. Besser

    d)         Medical Research Council, Reproductive Research Division,
                Edinburgh Scotland – Professors Roger Short and Prof. David
                Baird.    Also visited Breast Cancer Screening Clinic in Edinburgh.

    e)         Queen Anne Hospital for Women – Dept. of Obst. & Gynaecology,
                Southampton – Professor John Dennis.

    f)         Dept. of Obstetrics & Gynaecology and JHPIEGO – Johns Hopkins
                University, Baltimore, Maryland – Professor Ted King and
                A. Professor Ronald Burkman.

    g)         Women’s Hospital, University of Southern California, Los Angeles,
                USA – Professor Don Mishell.

    h)         Karolinska Institute – Reproducive Research Unit, Stokholm, Sweden
                - Professor E. Dizefalusy.

    i)          International Fertility Research Program, USA – Dr. Elton Kessel.

    j)          Population Council, New York USA – Dr. Nash.

    k)         Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family
                Planning (JOICEP) – Tokyo Japan – Mr. Kunmi.




                                                         3
    3.         Advanced two week course in “Microsurgery of the Fallopian Tubes” in
                April 1980 at Johns Hopkins Hospital, Maryland USA under Dr. John Rock.

    4.         Advanced one week course in “Human Sexual Dysfunction” in October 1981
                at Masters and Johns Institute, St. Louis, Missouri, USA under Professor
                Masters & Johnson.

    5.         Fellowship in Cervical Pathology/Cytology and Colposcopy – two weeks in
                October 1981.    Worthington and Christie Hospitals Manchester, United
                Kingdom under Dr. Robert Yule and Blanche Butler.

    6.         Visiting Professor to the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University
                Of Adelaide, Australia –17th – 23rd  October 1983.




    International and National Seminars and Congresses

    1.         British Congress of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, London, UK – 1975.

    2.         Asian Congress of Obstetrician & Gynaecology, Bangkok, Thailand – 1977.

    3.         Asian and Oceania Congress of Endocrinology – Singapore 1978.

    4.         Symposium on “The Mechanism of Endometrial Bleeding” organised by
                WHO, Geneva – April 1979.

    5.         Fourth International Congress of Voluntary Sterilization – Seoul, Korea
                - May 1979.

    6.         Ninth World Congress of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Tokyo, Japan – Oct. 1979.

    7.         Regional Seminar of Fertility Regulation – July 1980 – IGCC and IFRP.
                Presented two papers.

    8.         Symposium on “Fertility Management” organised by WHO, NFPB and
                Obstetrical & Gynaecological Society Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur –
                February 1980 – served as the Organizing Chairman.

    9.         Oceania and Asian Congress of Perinatology – Singapore.     As Chairman
                of a scientific session.

    10.       Seminar on “Human Sexuality” in Kuala Lumpur – April 1080 organised
                by Obstetrician & Gynaecological Society, NFPB and Malaysian Psychiatric
                Association – as a member of organising committee.


                                                                        4
    11.       Expert group meeting on “Maternity Services in Developing Countries”
                Organised by the Royal College of Obstetrician & Gynaecologists,
                United Kingdom – April 1980 – as an observer.

    12.       National seminar on “Reproductive Medicine” jointly organised by WHO,
                NFPB and Obstetrician & Gynaecological Society in Kuala Lumpur 1981
    -          as Chairman of the organising committee.     Presented a paper on Filshie
    Clip Sterilization.    Sponsored by Simon Population Trust, Great Britain.

    13.       Seminar “Gynaecological Cancer” – jointly organised by NFPB, Obstetrical
                & Gynaecological Society and Malaysian Cancer Society – April 1982 – as
                a member of the organising committee and presented a scientific paper.

    14.       Congress of Medicine – organised by the Academy of Medicine – Malaysia
                and Singapore – 1980.    Presented a paper on Outpatient Sterilization.

    15.       First national seminar on “Perspectives of Perinatal Medicine” jointly
                Organised by UKM, NPFB and Ministry of Health – November 1981 as the
                Chairman of the organising committee.

    16.       World Congress of Cervical Pathology and Colposcopy – London, United
                Kingdom – October 1981.

    17.       First International Congress of Maternal and Neonatal Health, November
                1981 – Manila, Philippines.

    18.       Seminar on “Update in Obstetrics & Gynaecology” – jointly organised by
                The Obstetrical & Gynaecological Society of Malaysia and NFPB – as a
                Member of organising committee.

    19.       Workshop on “Recent Advances in Oral Contraception” May 1983 in
                Singapore organised by the International Health Foundation – as a participant.

    20.       Fourth World Congress in Human Reproduction – Bombay, India – November
                27th – December 2nd 1983 – as a participant.

    21.       Fifth International Conference on Voluntary Surgical Contraception -
                December 5th – 8th 1983 at Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic – as a
                resource person.

    22.       Muslim Scholars Congress on “Development, Health and Population” in
                Jakarta, Indonesia – December 16th 20th, 1983 – as a participant.





                                                   
                                                                        5

    Expert and Advisory Services

    1.         Temporary advisor to World Health Organisation for the Workshop on
                “Medical Education” held in Manila in December 1977.

    2.         Temporary advisor and member of the Task Force on Long Acting
                Fertility Regulating Agents, WHO Geneva.     Meetings attended:-
               
                i)          Steering Committee meeting in WHO Headquarters, Geneva,
                            Switzerland – April 1979.

                ii)         Steering Committee meeting and workshop on Recent Advances
                            in Fertility Regulation – Abadan, Nigeria in July 1979.

                iii)        Steering Committee meeting in Jena, East Germany – January 1980.

                iv)        Steering Committee meeting in Geneva – July 1980.

                v)         Steering Committee meeting in Kuala Lumpur, M’sia – January 1981.

                vi)        Steering Committee meeting in Geneva – July 1981.

                vii)       Steering Committee meeting in Bangkok – January 1982.




    International Collaborations

    1,         Johns Hopkins Program for International Education in Gynaecology and
                Obstetrics 9JHPIEGO), Baltimore Maryland, USA.    Serving as the Director
    of “Training Programme in Reproductive Health and Endoscopy” for Malaysia.    A project fully funded by JHPIEGO.  To date 45 Malaysian doctors and 45 nurses have been trained in Gynaecological Laparoscopy.

    2.         “Diploma Course in Family Planning for General Practitioners” – One year course jointly organised by the National Family Planning Board Malaysia, College of Practitioners Malaysia and JHPIEGO – as Course Director.

    3.         International Fertility Research Programme 9 (IFRP) North Carolina, USA.    Served as Director of all research projects related to Contraception and Maternal and Child Health funded by IFRP.

    4.         Simon Population Trust, United Kingdom –  served as Coordinator and Malaysian Project Director for clinical on new sterilization technology using “Filshie Clips”.



                                                                       6
    5.         International project for Voluntary Sterilzation New York, USA.      Served as Malaysian coordinator for the world wide project on the promotion of voluntary surgical contraception.

    6.         Special Programme of Research in Human Reproduction, World Health Organisation, Geneva – served as Malaysian Collaborator in Human Reproductive Researches.




    National Projects Related to Human Reproduction and Development

    1.         Establishment of the National Institute of Human Reproductive Research on Human Development under the National Family Planning Board, with multi-dimentional approach and multiagency participation for the promotion of better quality and healthy human beings – served as the Director.

    2.         Perinatal Project Malaysia – multiagency jointly undertaken by The National University of Malaysia, National Family Planning Board Malaysia – served as the Project Administrator and member of Steering Committee.

    3.         Programme NADI “Keluarga Ku Sayang” – A multi-agency programme involving all the government departments in the Federal Territory for the promotion of socio-economic, health and educational status of urban squatters in Wilayah Persekutuan – served as Programme Coordinator.

    4.         Publication of “Malaysian Journal of Reproductive Health”  - first issue in June 1982 – as Chief Editor.

    5.         Asean Population Project entitled “Health and Family Planning – served as country Project Director.



    Researches

    1.         Evaluation of acceptability and risk benefits of sterilization technology, with special emphasis on outpatient laparoscopic sterilization.

    2.         Assessment and treatment of subfertile males with special emphasis on the role of Vitamin E in the male fertility enhancement.     Undertaken as PhD thesis by NFPB Scientific Officer Encik Jaffar Ali, Bsc, Msc.

    3.         Bleeding and coagulation problems among users of hormonal contraceptives – Undertaken as Msc thesis by NFPB Scientific Officer – Encik Baharum Yusof, Bsc.


                                                                      7
    4.         Biological Variation of Serum Prolactin in the Malay Females.    The research was undertaken by En. Hamim Rajikin for his Msc thesis.

    5.         Other researches related to infertility management, endometriosis, cancer screening in family planning clients, sexual dysfunctions among family planning clients, traditional medicines and herbs etc.




    Publications

    1.         Hamid Arshat (1976) comparison of OGIT and IVGTT in Third Trimester Pregnancy MMJ Vol. xxxI.p.133-139.

    2.         Hamid Arshat (1977) Extra amniotic PCE and intravenous oxytocin in termination of mid trimester pregnancy and in the management of missed abortion and hydatidiform mole – MMJ Vol. xxxII.

    3.         M.M. Singh and Hamid Arshat (1977) – Comparison of oral and intravenous glucose tolerance in the diagnosis of diabetes in pregnancy.    British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 85 (536-546).

    4.         I. Ahmad, H. Arshat (1978) – Symptomology and diagnosis of Endometriosis – Majalah Obstetriks and Ginekologi, Indonesia 4.3.

    5.         H. Arshat (1980).    Towards better success in tubal plastic surgery.    Journal Perubatan.    Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

    6.         H. Arshat, E. Kuek (1977).    Clinical applicators of FSH estimation – Proceedings of Asian Congress of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

    7.         H. Arshat, Yuliawiratnam (1981).   Outpatient Laparoscopic Sterilzation, Malaysian Medical Journal Vol. 36, No. I. P. 20.

    8.         H. Arshat, J. Thambu, Puraviappan (1981).   Female Sterilization with Filshie Clips.   Proceedings of Asian Congress of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

    9.         J. Ali, K. Hassan, H. Arshat (1981).  Suggestion of an active transport of iron to the fetus in human pregnancy and its dependence on maternal serum iron levels.  Med. J. Malaysia, 36(4): 215-219, 1981.

    10.       J. Ali, K. Hassan, H. Arshat (1981).   Vit. E Status in Mothers and Newborns in Malaysia:   A preliminary report.    Presented at the “International Workshop on Nutrition and the Development of the Child”.    Proceedings published in the British Journal of Nutrition (1982).


                                                                     8
    11.       J. Ali, K. Hassan, H. Arshat (1981).   Effect of Oral Contraceptives in Malaysian users.
    (i)         Iron metabolism, with special reference to serum ferritin levels and erythropoicois.
                Accepted for publication, Malaysian Journal Reproductive Health 1982.


    12.       J. Ali, K. Hassan, H. Arshat (1981).   Effect of oral contraceptives in Malaysian users.
                ii)         Folate and Vit. B12 Status. 
    Accepted for publication, Malaysian Journal of Reproductive Health, 1982.

    13.       J. Ali, K. Hassan, H. Arshat (1981).  Maternal and cord folate and Vit. B12 levels in Malaysians at parturition.      Submitted for publication, and accepted.

    14.       H. Rajikin, R. Abdullah, H. Arshat, Satgunasingam (1981).   Serum prolactin level at different stages of menstrual cycle and during a 24 hour period in Malay women.    Malaysian Medical Journal page 155-158 – September 1981. Vol. 26.

    15.       H. Rajikin, R. Abdullah, H. Arshat, Satgunasingam (1981).   Serum prolactin level during pregnancy intrapartum and postpartum period in Malay women.
                Malaysian Medical Journal – will be published in March 1982 Vol. 37.

    16.       Puraviappan, H. Arshat (1981).   Long term complications of female sterilization.   Proceeding to the Asian Congress of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

    17.       J. Thambu, H. Arshat, Norlaily Aziz (1980).    Organisation of family planning clinics.   Proceeding of the Regional Seminar on Fertility Regulation IGCC – IFRP.

    18.       H. Arshat, Norlaily Aziz (1980).   Biomedical Research in Family Planning.   Proceeding of the Regional Seminar on Fertility Regulation IGCC – IRFP.

    19.       H. Arshat, Boh S.K., Norlaily Aziz (1981).  Pap smear services in family planning clinics.   Proceedings of the Seminar in Gynaecological Cancer.

    20.       F. Jammal, H. Arshat (1980).   Beta Strepto Cocci in Maternity Hospital.    Malayan Medical Journal.

    21.       J. Ali, K. Hassan, H. Arshat (1982).    Maternal and cord folate and vit. B12 levels in Malaysian at parturition.  Med. J. Malaysia, 37(2):  160-164.




                                                                    9
    22.       K. Hassan, J. Ali and H. Arshat (1982).   Vitamin E status in mothers and newborns in Malaysia:    A preliminary report.     Presented at the International Workshop on Nutrition and the Development of the Child.    Baroda J. Nutri. 9 10-15.

    23.       J. Ali, H.Arshat, K.Hassan and Noor Laily A.B. (1983).    The effect of oral contraceptives in Malaysian.   I. Iron Metabolism and erythropoiesis.     Malaysian J. Reprod. Health 1(1): 60 – 68.

    24.       J. Ali, K. Hassan, H. Arshat and Noor Laily A.B. (1983).     The effect of oral contraceptives in Malaysians.II.    Folate and vitamin B12 metabolism.    Malaysian J.Reproductive Health. 1 (1) 69-74.

    25.       H.Arshat and J. Ali (1983).   Efficacy of contra sperm as a male contraceptives:   Clinical trials in Malaysian men.    Malaysian J. Reprod. Health (1):  75-82.

    26.       Puraviappan, A. Arshat and Ali J. (1983).    Female sterilization using Filshie Clip in private practice.    Malaysian J.Reprod. Health. 1(1): 40-45.

    27.       H.Arshat, J. Ali and Noor Laily A.B. (1983).    National Family Planning Program, Malaysia.   Presented at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital and the University of Adelaide  (O & G Dept), Adelaide, Australia.  October 10-15, 1983.

    28.       H.Arshat, J.Ali and Noor Laily A.B. (1983).    Falope ring sterilization in Malaysia.     Proceedings of the 4th World Congress on Human Reproduction, Bombay, India – 27 Nov – 2 Dec 1983.

    29.       H.Arshat, J.Ali, Rosliah Harun, A.P. Puraviappan and J. Thambu (1983).    Filshie Clip sterilization trial in Malaysia.    Proceedings of the 4th World Congress on Human Reproduction, Bombay, India – 27 Nov – 2 Dec 1983.

    30.       H.Arshat, J. Ali, Noor Laily A.B. (1983).    Establishment of outpatient laparoscopic sterilization in Malaysia.    Proceedings of the Fifth International Concerence on Voluntary Sterilization, Dec. 4-8 1983.   Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

    31.       H.Arshat, H.Abdul Kader, J. Ali and Noor Laily A.B. (1983).   Impact of family planning on perinatal mortality in Malaysia.   Proceedings of the Third Asia – Oceania Congress of Perinatology, 16-18 Dec. 1983, Calcutta, Inda.

    32.       J. Ali, Kader A.H., K.Hassan and H.Arshat (1983).    Expressed breast milk Vitamin E status in 1000 Malaysian mothers – submitted for presentation at the 4th Asian Congress of Nutrition, Nov. 1-4, Bangkok, Thailand.



                                                                    10
    33.       H.Arshat, A.Yuliawiratman, J.Ali (1983).    A retrospective study of IUCD usage in Malaysian Family Planning Clinic. (In press).

    34.       H.Arshat and Abdul Kader H.   Islamic Hospital for Mother and Child.



    Books

    1.         “Mandul” (Infertility) by Hamid Arshat published by Utusan Melayu.

    2.         “Mengetahui Tentang Haid” (Know about menses).



    Monographs and Working Papers
          
    1.         J. Ali and Hairunnishah A. Wadood (1982) Reproductive Research Centre Laboratories, National Family Planning Board.

    2.         H. Arshat, J.Ali, Baharum Yusof et.al (1982) Malaysian Reproductive Research Programme as an Institutional Centre. Theme: Better future generations of Malaysians.         

    3.         J.  Ali (1983) A concise report on the Specialist and Reproductive Research Centre, National Family Planning Board, KL Malaysia.   Past, present and future.

    4.         J. Ali (1982) Bibliography of Publications of the Reproductive Research Centre, National Family Planning Board, Malaysia (1976-1982).

    5.         H. Arshat, J. Ali and Noor Laily A.B. (1983) How to bring the pill to the people:  The Malaysian experience.

    6.         H. Arshat, J.Ali and Kamarul Faridah K.Z. (1983).  Proposal for the establishment of maternal and child nutrition clinic, advisory centre and applied research unit in human nutrition at the Reproductive Research Centre, the National Family Planning Board.   Theme:  Towards better future generations of Malaysians.

    7.         H. Arshat, J. Ali and Hairunnishah.A.W. (1983).  A fund raising proposal for patients in need of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer for the alleviation of infertility.

    8.         J. Ali and H. Arshat (1983).  UNFPA Project Proposal:   Proposal to strengthen and infrastructure facilities and resources of the Specialist and Reproductive Research Centre, National Family Planning Board (Mal/79/P08-Biomedical Component).

                                                                     11
    9.         J. Ali and H.Arshat (1983) UNFPA Project Proposal: Career development and training programme for National Family Planning Programme – Mal/79/P09).    Fellowship/study awards for the Specialist & Reproductive Research Centre.

    10.       J. Ali and H. Arshat (1983) Project Proposal:  Second Population and Family Health Project under the World Bank Loan Scheme II.   Fellowship/Study awards for the Specialist and Reproductive Research Centre.

    11.       H. Arshat, J. Ali and rosnah Ismail (1983).  Sex Pre-selection Prior to Conception.   Reproductive Health Guide Series (Family Planning subjects information brochure).

    12.       Ng K.C., Soo K.B., J.Ali and H.Arshat (1983).  Mass cervical pap smear screening: Our experience.


    Participation/presentations at Workshops/Seminars and Conferences

    5/01/81            Attended WHO Steering Committee Meeting on Long Acting Fertility Regulating Agent.

    9/01/81            Participated in Symposium on Reproductive Medicine.

    21.02/81          Participated in Workshop on Epidemiology of Reproductive Health.

    1/04/81            Chaired the session on Child & Family Welfare Programmes in Singapore at Better Communication in Family Health Seminar..

    16/05/81          Presented paper on Pap Smear at the Gynaecological Cancer Seminar.

    6/06/81            Presented paper on “Current Family Planning Practise in Malaysia” at the UPAM Seminar.

    13/07/81          Attended WHO Steering Committee Meeting in Geneva, Switzerland.

    17/08/81          Participated in Sex Counselling Workshop at Rasa Sayang Hotel, Penang.

    12/09/81          Participated in Research Utilization Seminar at Port Dickson.

    11/10/81          Attended Fourth World Congress for Cervical Pathology and Colposcopy in London.
        To

    9/11/81            Attended Postgraduate Workshop on Human and Sexual Function and Dysfunction at St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

                            Attend “First International Congress of Maternal and Neonatal Health, in Manila, Philippines.
                                                                         12
    13/08/81          Chairman of Organising Committee for Perinatal Seminar.

    11 – 15
    Jan 1981          Attended Steering Committee for Task Force on Long Acting Fertility Regulating Agents, WHO in Bangkok, Thailand.

    8/05/82            Presented paper “Outpatient Laparoscopic Assessment” of Female Infertility at the Seminar on Maternal health organised by the O & G Society of Malaysia.

    14/05/82          Presented a paper “Gynaecological Laparoscopy” at Doctors Meeting in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah.

    7-11/06/82       Attended the Congress of O & G in Bandung, Indonesia.

    27/06/82          Presented a paper “Gynaecological Microsurgery” at the Annual Scientific Meeting of College of Surgeons of Malaysia – Kuala Lumpur.

    10/09/82          Chairman, Scientific Session of “Antenatal Diagnosis of Thalassemia” at the Seminar/Workshop on Thalassemia and Haemoglobinapathies organised by The Malaysian Society of Pathologist.

    12/09/82          Presented a paper and video production entitled “Reversal of Sterilization by Microsurgical Technique” at the Seminar on Update in Infertility organised by O & G Society of Malaysia.

    13/09/82          Course Director and organising Chairman of “Advanced Course on Infertility Management” jointly organised by National Family Planning Board, National University of Malaysia and Malaysian Fertility Society.

    20/10/82          Participated as a member of the panel board at the “Human Resources and Economic Development, Policy and Programme Implications from Household Data Workshop.    This Workshop was organised by The Rand Corporation USA and it was held in Penang.

    8/09/82            Participated as Chairman in Plenary II during the Maternal Mortality Seminar organised by the Ministry of Health Malaysia.

    16/11/82          Attended meeting on ASEAN Population Programme on Health and Family Planning in Jakarta, Indonesia.

    29/11/82          Attended “Twelfth Meeting of Agencies Interested in the Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction” in Geneva, Switzerland.



                                                                      13

    17/10/83          Presented two papers in the University of Adelaide Australia:
    i)          Malaysian Family Planning Programme.
                            ii)         Outpatient Sterilization in Malaysia.

    27/11/83          Fourth World Congress of Human Reproduction – Bombay, India
                            Presented three papers:
                            i)          Filshie Clip Sterilization – Trial in Malaysia.
                            ii)         Immediate Postpartum Laparoscopic Sterilization using
                                          Fallope Rings.
                            iii)        Fallope ring sterilization.

    5/12/83            Fifth International Conference on Voluntary Surgical Contraception at Santa Domingo, Dominican Republic – presented a paper “Establishment of Outpatient Laparoscopic Sterilization in the Malaysian Family Planning Programme.



    Other Academic Activities
                                       
    1)         Supervised one Phd student at Tulane University, USA in the area of Family Planning.   (Thesis entitled “Family Planning Behaviour and Attitudes in Urban Malaysia:   some socioeconomic considerations”).

    2)         Supervised Msc thesis by Hamim Rajikin entitled “Physiological Variations in the Serum Prolactin Levels in Malay Women”.




    Articles published in Women’s monthly magazine.

                                       Topic                                                    Month             Year

    1.         Natural Method of Family Planning                           March              1979
    2.         Role of Women in Reproduction                                April                1979
    3.         Intra Uterine Device                                                   May                 1979
    4.         Deformed Babies                                                        May                 1979
    5.         What is Prolapse of the Uterus?                                 September       1979
    6.         How the Oral Contraceptive works?                          October           1979
    7.         Stillbirths                                                                     November       1979
    8.         Vaginal Discharge                                                       December        1979
    9.         What is D & C?                                                          March              1980
    10.       Surrogate Motherhood                                                June                 1980
    11.       Modern Women’s Problems                                       November       1980
    12.       Causes of Dysmenorrhea                                            May                 1981
    13.       Preventing Birth Defects                                            May                 1981

                                                                      14
    14.       Twin Delivery                                                             June                 1981
    15.       Infertility Psychological Aspects                                October           1981
    16.       Problems in Pregnancy                                                October           1981
    17.       Pap Smear:  Cancer Detection                                    July                  1981
    18.       Menopause                                                                  September       1981
    19.       Modern Women’s Problem                                         January            1982



    Lectures Delivered to Doctors

    Date                            Participants                                         Topic              

    6/08/80            Doctors from Ministry of Health        Hormonal contraceptives and
                                                                                        guidelines on the use of steroidal
                                                                                        contraceptives.

    22/09/79          Doctors from Ministry of Health        Female Sterilization
                            & General Practitioners – Klang

    23/02/80          Doctors from Ministry of Health        Hormonal Replacement Therapy
                            & General Practitioners – Kota Baru

    29/03/80          Doctors from Ministry of Health        Hormonal contraceptives and
                            & General Practitioners – Penang       guidelines on the use of Steroidal
                                                                                        Contraceptives

    28/02/81          Doctors from Ministry of Health        Gynaecological Laparoscopy
                            & General Practitioners – Kuching
                            Sarawak

    6/03/81            Doctors from Ministry of Health        Gynaecological Laparoscopy
                            & General Practitioners – Kota
                            Kinabalu, Sabah.

    14/04/81          Doctors from Ministry of Health        Sterilization
                            & General Practitioners – Alor Star

    23/08/81          Doctors from Ministry of Health        Female Sterilization and
                            & General Practitioners – Ipoh           Laparoscopy

    19/12/81          Doctors from Ministry of Health        Antenatal Diagnosis and        
                            & General Practitioners – Kuching     Genetic Counselling

    29/01/82          Doctors from Ministry of Health        Genetics, Fertility and   
                            & General Practitioners                       Maternal Health



                                                                     15
    14/05/82          Doctors from Ministry of Health        Laparoscopy – Indications and
                            & General Practitioners – Kota           Techniques
                            Kinabalu, Sabah

    18/06/82          Doctors from Ministry of Health        Gynaecology Laparoscopy
                            & General Practitioners – Miri,
                            Sarawak.




    Lectures delivered to Sisters, Staff Nurses and Assistant Nurses

    Date                            Participants                                                     Topic

    4.09/80            Sister tutors from Ministry of             Methods of Fertility Regulation
    Health

    19/09/80          Sisters and staff nurses from              Abortions – causes, effects and
                            Ministry of Health                              its relationship to family planning
                                                                                        and infertility problems.

    9/12/80            Staff nurses from Ministry of             Other hormonal method

    23/01/80          Staff nurses from Institute of                         Abortions – causes, effects and
                            Public Health                                      its relationship to family planning

    13/02/81          Sisters and staff members from          Abortions – causes, effects and
                            Ministry of Health                              its relationship to family planning

    9/03/81            Staff nurses from Ministry of                         Abortions – causes, effects and
                            Ministry of Health                              its relationship to family planning

    14/05/81          Staff nurses from Federation of         Methods of fertility regulation
                            Planning Association                          and management of patients in
                                                                                        Contraception

    12/06/81          Staff nurses from Institute of             Methods of Fertility Regulation
                            Public Health

    12/02/82          Assistant nurses from Ministry           Infertility and Sterilization –
                            of Health                                             male and female

    26/06/82          Staff nurses from Institute of                         Infertility management and
                            Public Health                                      family health

    9/08/82            Sisters and staff nurses from              Management of clinical
                            Ministry of Health                              programmes

                                                                   16
    Lectures delivered to Community

     Date                           Participants                                         Topic

    29/01/81          UMNO – Kota Bahru, Kelantan        Family Health & Development

    2/02/81            UMNO – Kuala Lumpur                    Family Health & Development

    21/02/81          UMNO – Div. of Damansara             Population Concept and Family
                                                                                        Development

    4/03/81            Police Training Centre                        Family Health & Development

    21/05/81          Army Officers Wives, TUDM            Maternal Health
                            Kinrara (BAKAT)      

    20/08/81          Estate Managers and Visiting             Contraceptive Technology
                            Medical Officers

    20/08/81          Teacher Trainees at Technical             Family Health & Development
                            Training College

    4/09/81            Army Officers Wives, TUDM            Family and Child Welfare
                            Kinrara (BAKAT)

    20/08/81          Estate Managers                                  Recent Development in
                                                                                        Contraceptive Technology

    25/08/81          Headmasters/Headmistress                 Family Health & Development

    18/09/81          Army Officers Wives, TUDM            Family and Child Welfare
                            Kinrara (BAKAT)

    19/09/81          Would be Brides & Bridegrooms       Family Health & Development

    20/09/81          Women’s Organization of                   Genetics & the future generations
                            Pahang

    17/10/81          Field Officers (NFPB)                                    Essentials of Health in Family
                                                                                        Development

    19/11/81          Malaysian Airline System Staff          Family Planning

    24/11/81          Staff of “Syarikat Perumahan             Family Planning
                            Pegawai Pegawai Kerajaan”

    30/11/81          Staff of DBKL                                               Family Planning

                                       
                                                                  17

    29/01/82          Women’s Leaders – K.Terengganu    Family Health & Development

    12/02/82          Traditional Midwives & Wanita         Maternal and Neonatal Health
    UMNO – Penang

    24/02/82          Students of University Malaya           Family Planning

    27/03/82          Lady Officers of Ministry of Works  Women’s Health
                           
    29/03/82          Urban Youths                                     Family Planning

    27/05/82          Members of PUSPITA                       Family Health & Development

    21/06/82          Members of BAKAT                          Family Health & Development

    13/08/82          Law Students - University Malaya     Family Planning

    08/09/82          Members of KESPA Club                  Family Health & Development

    08/09/82          Members of Kesuma Ratu                  Women’s Beauty

    20/09/82          Government Senior Officers’             Family Health & Development
                            Wives

    22/09/82          National Family Planning Staff          Family Health & Development

    13/11/82          Women’s Institution – Johor              Care of Baby & Mother in
                                                                                        Pregnancy

    12/03/83          Women Members of Taman                Women’s Health
                            Gombak/Selaseh

    15/04/83          Army Officers’ Wives (BAKAT)          Women’s Health

    08/04/83          Workers Union (FELDA)                   Women’s Health in Employment

    06/08/83          Women’s Movement UMNO             Family Health & Development

    05/11/83          Women’s Movement UMNO             Family Health & Development

    06/11/83          Women’s PERKIM                            Family Health & Development

    21/11/83          Women’s Seminar – Johor                  Family Health & Development

    14/12/83          Civics Course – organised by             Family Health & Development
                            Information and PERKIM – Johor


                                                                   18
    Appeared on television programme of ‘KESUMA”



    Date                                 Topic


    11/06/81          Abortion (Pengguguran)

    23/07/81          Cancer of Cervix

    29/09/82          1)         Menopause (Putus Haid)

                            2)         Menstrual Disorders (Gangguan Haid)

                            3)         Guide to Women Performing Haj (Panduan Wanita
                                       
                                        Untuk Haji dan Umrah)
                           

                           
    12/01/83          1)         Problems in Pregnancy (Masalah Ketika Hamil)

                            2)         Traditional vs Modern Health Care in Pregnancy

                                        (Jagaan secara tradisional dan moden)



    22/11/83          Privitization of Health Services in Malaysia